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Apr 18 - 10:55 AM

BofA: Hedge Funds Hold Record Post-COVID USD Longs, Real Money Remains Cautious

By eFXdata  —  Apr 18 - 10:00 AM


Bank of America reports a significant divergence in USD positioning between hedge funds and real money investors. While hedge funds have escalated their net long positions on the USD to the highest levels since the COVID-19 pandemic began, real money investors have shown more restraint, maintaining a largely neutral stance since the start of the year. This dynamic has been a key factor in the dollar's recent resilience.

Key Points:

  • Hedge Funds' Aggressive Betting: Hedge funds are now holding their largest net long positions in the USD post-COVID, second only in size to their short positions on the New Zealand Dollar (NZD) among major G10 currencies. This aggressive positioning underscores hedge funds' bullish outlook on the dollar amidst current global economic conditions.

  • Real Money's Neutral Posture: In contrast to hedge funds, real money investors have been more cautious. Despite a neutral positioning at the beginning of the year, there has been a reluctance to increase USD holdings significantly during the first quarter. This caution reflects a more conservative approach to the USD amidst mixed economic signals.

  • Impact on USD Strength: The resilience of the USD can be attributed in part to these positioning trends. While hedge funds have provided strong buying pressure, the absence of robust participation from real money investors has tempered the potential for a more pronounced rally in the USD.

  • Future USD Movements: Recent purchases by real money investors have been notable but not overwhelming. For the USD to continue its upward trajectory, it would likely require sustained or increased buying from these more conservative investors.


The USD's position is currently bolstered by significant long positions from hedge funds, contrasting with more tepid engagement from real money investors. Bank of America highlights that for further USD appreciation, continued or enhanced support from real money will be crucial. As global economic conditions evolve, both types of investors will play key roles in shaping the trajectory of the USD in the forex markets. Investors should monitor these trends closely, as shifts in hedge fund or real money sentiment could signal important changes in USD dynamics.

BofA Global Research


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