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Mar 12 - 12:55 PM

Goldman Sachs: Evaluating GBP Fair Value and Outlook

By eFXdata  —  Mar 12 - 11:00 AM


Goldman Sachs provides an assessment of the British pound (GBP) relative to its fair value against the US dollar (USD), commonly referred to as "Cable." Their analysis indicates that the GBP has been trading around their estimated fair value year-to-date. This valuation has been influenced by factors such as persistently higher inflation in the UK compared to the US, which has been particularly pronounced in the current economic cycle due to the Bank of England's policy decisions. Other contributing factors include relative productivity and terms of trade differences, although these have had a lesser impact.

Key Points:

  • Relative Inflation: Higher inflation in the UK versus the US has been a significant driver of the lowered valuation estimate for Sterling, influenced by the Bank of England’s approach to balancing inflation with growth considerations.
  • Policy Decisions: The Bank of England's less restrictive monetary policy compared to the US has resulted in prolonged elevated inflation levels in the UK, impacting Sterling's fair value.
  • Productivity and Terms of Trade: While these factors have also contributed to the fair value assessment, their impact has been relatively minor compared to inflation differences.
  • Fair Value as a "Pit Stop": Although GBP is currently trading around Goldman Sachs’ estimates of fair value, they view this alignment as temporary. Historical trends show that currencies, including Sterling, can deviate significantly from their fair value over extended periods.


Goldman Sachs’ analysis suggests that while the GBP is currently trading at levels close to their fair value estimates, external factors such as inflation and policy decisions have played crucial roles in shaping this valuation. Looking ahead, deviations from fair value are common, and Goldman Sachs maintains a relatively constructive outlook on Sterling, implying potential strength or movement beyond this "pit stop" valuation in the future.

Goldman Sachs Research/Market Commentary


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