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Jan 18 - 09:55 AM

BofA: Off To A Hot Start; What's Next?

By eFXdata  —  Jan 18 - 09:16 AM


Bank of America (BofA) provides an analysis of the unexpected strength of the US Dollar (USD) at the start of 2024 and discusses the factors influencing this trend. They also share their outlook on the currency's performance for the rest of the year.

Key Insights:

  1. USD Strength Despite Fed Cuts Expectations:

    • The USD has shown surprising resilience, rallying against all G10 currencies in early 2024, despite the market anticipating Federal Reserve rate cuts.
  2. Reasons for the USD's Strong Performance:

    • Several factors contribute to this trend:
      • The market's overly optimistic scenario of a soft landing.
      • Mixed signals from recent US labor and inflation data.
      • Balanced messaging from recent Fed communications.
      • Similar easing expectations from other central banks.
      • Persistent geopolitical tensions.
  3. Anticipated USD Depreciation in 2024:

    • While BofA forecasts a broad USD depreciation in 2024, they expect the more significant movements to occur in the second half of the year.
  4. Factors Influencing Future USD Movement:

    • The pace and timing of USD depreciation hinge on further evidence of inflation aligning with central bank targets. The eventual rate cuts, amidst a normalized inflation environment, should enable greater adjustments in FX valuations.
  5. Central Banks' Role in USD Dynamics:

    • While most other central banks are also expected to implement rate cuts, the USD's future trajectory remains uncertain until clear signs of inflation targeting success emerge.


BofA’s analysis suggests that the USD's early 2024 strength is driven by a mix of optimistic market scenarios, central bank dynamics, and geopolitical factors. While a depreciation of the USD is forecasted for the year, especially in the latter half, the timing and extent of this trend are contingent on inflation data and the comparative easing actions of other central banks.

BofA Global Research


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